The Philosophy Lexicon
series is inspired by the success of the Aesthetics
Lexicon edited by Remo Bodei, which now comprises
twenty volumes, and the Political Lexicon edited by Carlo Galli, which has fourteen.
The Philosophy Lexicon was developed and is edited by
Massimo Mori, a renowned scholar
of the history of philosophy at
the University of Turin, editor-in-chief of Rivista di Filosofia, and author
of several books and school texts. This new Lexicon has the same format as the preceding successful series: about twenty titles,
each about 180 pages long and devoted to a specific concept or pair of concepts
that have played a central role in the history of philosophy. The
goal is also the same: offer non-specialist
readers an essential encyclopedia of the key ideas which give life to philosophical thought, especially in its historical evolution.
Besides the title
described here, the following are already published: Action by Mario De Caro
and Reason by Emanuele Cafagna. In preparation: Good and Evil by
Giuseppe Riconda, Probable / Necessary by Massimo Mugnai, Life / Death by Daniela Steila,
Virtual by Enrico Pasini, Symbol by Massimo Ferrari.
Does there exist, besides single red things, a universal
red property? Or are there only individual,
particular entities? How does one
explain the fact that many distinct
entities can be considered the same as regards a specific
feature? And what is it exactly
that distinguishes two things that
share the exact same property? These are some of the questions that involve universals and particulars, a general issue that, ever
since Platos dialogues and Aristotles Metaphysics, has played a crucial role in ontology. This book outlines the evolution of this issue
through its main historical phases, from its
initial conception in ancient times, through its medieval development, up to its sometimes
hidden presence in modern philosophy. The text also addresses
contemporary debates in metaphysics, in which there is a significant
revival of interest for this topic, especially
in analytical philosophy.
Guido Bonino teaches
History of Philosophy at the University of Turin.