Is man really a "political animal", as Aristotle defined him? Do there exist natural constraints to social animals' modes of government? And if so, what role do they play in the crisis we are currently experiencing? The book is a critique of the Platonic ideal according to which human societies should be planned and organized and develops an alternative biopoliticial view based on ethology, evolutionism, and cognitive science. On the basis of wide-ranging evidence and studies stemming from ethologicial fieldwork, the author argues that any principle of political organization among social animals is determined not by individual transmission of "good genes" but rather the set of special relationships that emerge in order to maximize social cooperation and ecological intelligence. The author concludes his book with seven naturalistic recipes for coping with the current crisis, which make use of two universal biological regulators of social evolution: reproduction strategies and migratory movements.
Antonino Pennisi teaches Philosophy and Ethology of Language at the University of Messina.